Cooking behavior database construction and gender analysis: Support for household chores toward gender equality, based on the case of Fukui Prefecture, where women are making progress


Project Summary

Principal Investigator

SAITO Etsuko (Institute for Gendered Innovations)

YAMAMOTO Sakiko (Institute for Gendered Innovations)
AIKAWA Shoko (Faculty of Core Research)
OTAKE Midori (Tokyo Gakugei University)
NISHIDA Yoshifumi (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
OONO Mikiko (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)
TACHI Naohiro (Ottofather Specified Nonprofit Corporation)
USAMI Yuki (Fukui Prefecture)
TAKAMATU Jun (Microsoft Corporation)

Research period FY 2022 -
SDGs Goals

5(Gender Equality)
8(Decent Work and Economic Growth)
9(Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure)

Outline of Research

“Promotion of women’s advancement” and “increasing the ratio of women in leading positions” are important for promoting gender equality in Japan; however, these issues remain unresolved, mainly because of the heavy burden of household chores on women, given the gender role-based division of labor. The location of the fieldwork for this study is Fukui Prefecture, where women have made notable progress in the Japanese context, such as achieving a high employment rate, high rate of official full-time employment, and high rate of double-income households. However, the ratio of women in leadership positions remains low.
We focus on cooking behavior, primarily assigned to women within the household; create a database of men’s and women’s cooking behavior; and clarify the characteristics of women’s and men’s cooking actions. By considering methods of cooking support for each gender on the basis of the clarified characteristics, we hope to contribute to gender equality.

Research Reports

This study was conducted in Fukui Prefecture (under agreement with the University), a region where women  are remarkably active, with high rates of female employment, full-time employment, and dual employment compared to the rest of Japan, yet the percentage of women in leadership positions remains low. With a focus on cooking, a chore primarily assigned to women within the household, this study attempted to clarify the characteristics of cooking behavior in men and women by creating a database of men's and women's cooking behavior.
Cooking behavior data revealed differences in behavior between men and women. In the future, we would like to analyze the causes of these gender differences and consider how to support cooking in accordance with gender.

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